He haʻahaʻa ka waiwai lāʻau o ka holoholona lōhiu a kiʻekiʻe ka makaʻu. Hiki i ka hoʻomohala ʻana i nā mea kanu a me nā mea hana hana ke kōkua i ka hoʻoponopono ʻana i ka pilikia ma ka ʻoihana

"I ka hōʻuluʻulu, aia he 12,807 ʻano o nā lāʻau lapaʻau Kina a me 1,581 ʻano o nā lāʻau holoholona, ​​e helu ana ma kahi o 12%. Ma waena o kēia mau kumuwaiwai, ua aneane make nā ʻano holoholona he 161. I waena o lākou, ʻo ka pepeiaohao rhino, ka iwi tiger, ka musk a me ka pauma bile i manaʻo ʻia he lāʻau lapaʻau holoholona laha ʻole. ” ʻO ka heluna kanaka o kekahi mau holoholona hihiu makaʻu, e like me nā pangolins, nā tigika a me nā leopadi, ua hōʻole nui loa ma muli o ke koi no nā lāʻau lapaʻau, i ʻōlelo ʻia e Dr. Sun Quanhui, he ʻepekema me ka World Animal Protection Society, ma ka seminar loea ʻo 2020 o "Medicine no Kanaka ”ma Nowemapa 26.

I nā makahiki i hala iho nei, kipaku ʻia e nā kālepa kūwaho a me nā pono kalepa, nā holoholona laha ʻole a ʻaneʻane pau hoʻi i ke alo i ke kaomi ʻoi aku ka nui o ke ola, a ʻo ka noi nui o ka lāʻau kuʻuna kekahi kumu nui o ko lākou luku ʻia ʻana.

"Ua hōʻike maoli ʻia nā hopena lāʻau o nā holoholona hihiu," wahi a Sun. I ka wā ma mua, ʻaʻole maʻalahi ka loaʻa ʻana o nā holoholona hihiu, no laila ʻaʻole lawa nā mea lāʻau, akā ʻaʻole ia he manaʻo he hoʻokalakupua kā lākou hopena lāʻau. Hoʻohana pinepine kekahi mau hoʻopiʻi kalepa hoʻopunipuni i ka lahilahi o ka lāʻau holoholona hihiu ma ke ʻano he wahi kūʻai aku, alakaʻi hewa i nā mea kūʻai aku e kūʻai i nā huahana e pili ana, ʻaʻole ia e hoʻonui wale i ka ʻimi holoholona ʻana a me ka hoʻoulu holoholona ʻana o nā holoholona hihiu, akā ʻoi aku ka hoʻonui i ka noi no nā holoholona hihiu lāʻau.

Wahi a ka hōʻike, nā lāʻau lapaʻau Kina me nā mea kanu, nā lāʻau mineral a me nā lāʻau holoholona, ​​i waena o nā lāʻau lapaʻau e pili ana i kahi 80 pākēneka, ʻo ia hoʻi ka hapanui o nā hopena o nā lāʻau holoholona holoholona e hiki ke hoʻololi ʻia e nā ʻano lāʻau lapaʻau Kina. I ka wā kahiko, ʻaʻole hiki ke loaʻa nā lāʻau holoholona hihiu, no laila ʻaʻole hoʻohana ākea a hoʻokomo ʻia i loko o nā ʻano hoʻomoʻa maʻamau. ʻO nā manaʻo o ka poʻe he nui e pili ana i ka lāʻau holoholona laha mai ke kumu o ka “scarcity is waiwai” misconception ʻo ka rarer kahi lāʻau, ʻoi aku ka maikaʻi a me ka waiwai.

Ma ke ʻano he hopena o kēia manaʻo no ka poʻe kūʻai, makemake mau ka poʻe e uku hou aku no nā huahana holoholona lūhiu mai ka nahelehele mai no ka mea manaʻo lākou he ʻoi aku ka maikaʻi ma mua o nā holoholona i mahi ʻia, i kekahi manawa ke kūʻai ʻia nā holoholona hihiu i ka mākeke no nā kumu lāʻau. No laila, ʻo ka hoʻomohala ʻana i kahi ʻoihana mahiʻai holoholona lūlū mea lapaʻau ʻaʻole ia e pale maoli i nā ʻano mea aneane a aneane e hoʻomāhuahua hou aku i ka noi no nā holoholona lōhiu. ʻO ka hōʻemi ʻana i ke koi no ka ʻai holoholona hiki iā mākou ke hāʻawi i kahi pale kūpono loa no ka holoholona lōhiu.

Hoʻopili mau ʻo Kina i nā mea nui i ka pale ʻana o nā holoholona hihiu hoʻoweliweli. I ka papa inoa o nā mea lāʻau lapaʻau hihiu ma lalo o ka pale ʻana o ka kī o ka mokuʻāina, 18 mau ʻano o nā holoholona lāʻau lapaʻau ma lalo o ka pale ʻana o ka kī nui i papa inoa ʻia, a ua hoʻokaʻawale ʻia lākou i nā papa lāʻau a ka papa mua a me ka papa ʻelua. No nā ʻano lāʻau lapaʻau holoholona hihiu, ua kuhikuhi pū ʻia ka hoʻohana a me nā hana pale o ka papa I a me ka II papa lāʻau.

I ka makahiki 1993, pāpā ʻo Kina i ke kālepa a me ka hoʻohana lāʻau o rhino pepe a me ka iwi tiger, a hemo i nā lāʻau lapaʻau e pili ana mai ka pharmacopoeia. Ua wehe ʻia ʻo Bear bile mai ka pharmacopoeia i ka makahiki 2006, a ua hemo ʻo pangolin mai ka mana hou loa i ka makahiki 2020. Ma ke ala o COVID-19, ua hoʻoholo ka National People's Congress (NPC) e hoʻoponopono hou i ke kānāwai hoʻomalu holoholona lōhiu o ka People Republic of China. (PRC) no ka lua o ka manawa. Ma waho aʻe o ka pāpā ʻana i ka ʻai ʻana o nā holoholona hihiu, e hoʻoikaika ia i ka pale ʻana i ka maʻi ahulau a me ka mālama kānāwai ʻana o ka ʻoihana lāʻau holoholona.

A no nā ʻoihana lāʻau, ʻaʻohe mea maikaʻi i ka hana ʻana a me ke kūʻai aku ʻana i nā lāʻau a me nā huahana olakino i loaʻa nā mea hoʻohui mai ka holoholona hihiu ʻaneʻane pau. ʻO ka mea mua loa, aia kahi hoʻopaʻapaʻa nui e pili ana i ka hoʻohana ʻana o nā holoholona lōhiu e lilo i lāʻau lapaʻau. ʻO ka lua, ke komo ʻole kaulike ʻia i nā mea maka e alakaʻi i ka maikaʻi kūpaʻa o nā mea maka; ʻO ke kolu, he paʻakikī e hoʻokō i ka hana maʻamau; ʻO ka hā, ʻo ka hoʻohana ʻana i nā lāʻau ʻalopika a me nā lāʻau ʻē aʻe i ka hana mahi ʻana he mea paʻakikī ia e hōʻoia i ka maikaʻi o nā mea maka o nā holoholona hihiu. Lawe kēia mau mea āpau i ka makaʻu nui i ka manaʻolana mākeke o nā ʻoihana e pili ana.

Wahi a ka hōʻike "The Impact of Abandoning endangered Wildlife Products on Company" i paʻi ʻia e ka World Society for the Protection of Animals and Pricewaterhousecoopers, kahi hopena hiki i nā hui ke hana ikaika a ʻimi i nā mea kanu a me nā synthetic e pani i nā huahana holoholona luhi. ʻAʻole kēia e hoʻoliʻiliʻi nui i ka makaʻu ʻoihana o ka ʻoihana, akā e hoʻomau i ka hana o ka ʻoihana. I kēia manawa, ua kūʻai ʻia nā mea pani no nā holoholona hihiu makaʻu no ka hoʻohana lāʻau, e like me nā iwi tiger hamani, musk artipisyal a me ka bile bear art, a i ʻole ke hoʻokolokolo ʻia nei.

ʻO ka bile bear kekahi o nā mea kanu i hoʻohana ākea ʻia o nā holoholona hihiu e ʻaneʻane pau loa. Eia nō naʻe, ua hōʻike ʻia kahi noiʻi e hiki i nā ʻano mea kanu Kina ke hoʻololi i ka bile bear. He ʻano pale ia i ka wā e hiki mai ana o ka lāʻau lapaʻau e hāʻawi i nā holoholona hihiu a ʻimi ikaika i nā lāʻau lapaʻau a me nā huahana synthetic synthetic. Pono nā ʻoihana kūpono e kūlike me ka hoʻonohonoho kulekele aupuni o ka pale ʻana i nā holoholona hihiu hopohopo e hoʻōla ʻia, e hoʻoliʻiliʻi i ko lākou kaukaʻi ʻana i nā holoholona hihiu e hoʻoweliweli ʻia, a e hoʻonui mau i ko lākou hiki ke hoʻomohala pono me ka pale ʻana i nā holoholona hihiu hopohopo no nā lāʻau lapaʻau ma o ka loli hana a me ka hana hou o ka ʻenehana.


Ka manawa Post: Jul-27-2021